Sedimentation History and Provenance Analysis of a Late Mesozoic Rifting Event at Tavan Har, East Gobi, Mongolia

  • Sarah Davidson
Keywords: Undergraduate research, Education abroad, Undergraduate research abroad, Mongolia

Abstract

This article presents an undergraduate student research project on rift processes and basin evolution through the Mesozoic sedimentary deposits in a study abroad program in Tavan Har, East Gobi, Mongolia.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Sarah Davidson

Sarah C. Davidson grew up in Minnesota and graduated from Beloit College in Beloit, Wisconsin in 2004. While at Beloit, she completed geologic fieldwork in the East Gobi Desert of Mongolia through the Keck Geology Consortium. Sarah is currently living and working in Austin, Texas and hopes to begin graduate school in the fall of 2006, studying hydrogeology and water resources management.

References

Allen, M.B., ªEngör, A.M.C., and Natal’in, B.A. (1995). Junggar, Turfan and Alakol basins as Late Permian to Early Triassic extensional structures in a sinistral shear zone in the Altaid orogenic collage, Central Asia. Journal of the Geological Society, London, v. 152, p. 327-338.

Boggs, S., Jr., (1995). Principles of sedimentology and stratigraphy (2d ed.): Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice Hall. Bond, G.C., Kominz, A., and Sheridan, R.E. (1995). Continental terraces and rises. In Busby, C., and Ingersoll, R.V., (Eds.), Tectonics of sedimentary basins. Cambridge, Mass.: Blackwell Science, p. 149–178.

Busby, C.J., and Ingersoll, R.V. (1995). Tectonics of sedimentary basins. In Busby, C., and Ingersoll, R.V., (Eds.), Tectonics of sedimentary basins. Cambridge, M.A.: Blackwell Science.

Carroll, A.R., Graham, S.A., Hendrix, M.S., Ying, D., and Zhou, D. (1995). Late Paleozoic tectonic amalgamation of northwestern China: Sedimentary record of the northern Tarim, northwestern Turpan, and southern Junggar basins. Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 107, p. 571–594.

Dickinson, W.R. (1970) Interpreting detrital modes of greywacke and arkose. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, v. 40, no. 2, p. 695–707.

Dickinson, W.R., and Suczek, C.A. (1979) Plate tectonics and sandstone compositions. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 63, p. 2164–2182.

Gosses, J., Bat-Erdene, H. (2004). Lacustrine sedimentology of the Tsagantsav formation —Tavan Har, southeast Mongolia. Seventeenth Keck Research Symposium in Geology, Proceedings, Lexington, Virg., p. 185–188.

Gradstein, F.M., Ogg, J.G., and Smith, A.G. (Eds.). (2004). A Geologic Time Scale. Cambridge, M.A.: Cambridge University Press.

Graham, S.A., Hendrix, M.S., Wang, L.B., and Carroll, A.R. (1993) Collisional successor basins of western China: Impact of tectonic inheritance on sand composition. Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 105, p. 323–344.

Graham, S.A., Hendrix, M.S., Johnson, C.L., Badamgarav, D., Badarch, G., Amory, J., Porter, M., Barsbold, R., Webb., L.E., and Hacker, B.R. (2001). Sedimentary record and tectonic implications of Mesozoic rifting in southeast Mongolia. Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 113, p. 1560–1579.

Hefu, L. (1986). Geodynamic scenario and structural styles of Mesozoic and Cenozoic basins in China. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 70, no. 4, p. 377–395.

Hendrix, M.S. (2000). Evolution of Mesozoic sandstone compositions, southern Junggar, northern Tarim and western Turpan basins, northwest China: A detrital record of the ancestral Tian Shan. Journal of Sedimentary Research, v. 70, no. 12, p. 520–532.

Hendrix, M.S., Beck, M.A., Badarch, G., and Graham, S.A. (2001). Triassic synorogenic sedimentation in southern Mongolia: Early effects of intracontinental deformation. In Hendrix, M.S., and Davis, G.A., (Eds.), Paleozoic and Mesozoic tectonic evolution of central Asia. From continental assembly to intracontinental deformation. Geological Society of America Memoir 194, p. 389–412.

Heubeck, C. (2001). Assembly of central Asia during the middle and late Paleozoic. In Hendrix, M.S., and Davis, G.A., (Eds.), Paleozoic and Mesozoic tectonic evolution of central Asia: From continental assembly to intracontinental deformation. Geological Society of America Memoir 194, 1–22.

Ingersoll, R.V., Bullard, T.F., Ford, R.L., Grimm, J.P., Pickle, J.D., and Sares, S.W. (1984). The effect of grain size on detrital modes — A test of the Gazzi-Dickinson point-counting method. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, v. 54, no. 1, p. 103–116.

Ingersoll, R.V., and Busby, C.J. (1995). Tectonics of sedimentary basins In Busby, C., and Ingersoll, R.V., (Eds.), Tectonics of sedimentary basins. Cambridge, Mass.: Blackwell Science.

Jerzykiewicz, T. (2000). Lithostratigraphy and sedimentary settings of the Cretaceous dinosaur beds of Mongolia. In Benton, M.J., Shishkin, M.A., Unwin, D.M., and Kurochkin, E.N. (Eds.), The age of dinosaurs in Russia and Mongolia. Bristol, U.K.: University of Bristol.

Jerzykiewicz, T., and Russell, D.A. (1991). Late Mesozoic stratigraphy and vertebrates of the Gobi Basin. Cretaceous Research, v. 12, p. 345–377.

Johnson, C.L., Webb, L.E., Graham, S.A., Hendrix, M.S., and Badarch, G. (2001) Sedimentary and structural records of late Mesozoic high-strain extension and strain partitioning, East Gobi basin, southern Mongolia. In Hendrix, M.S., and Davis, G.A., (Eds.), Paleozoic and Mesozoic tectonic evolution of central and eastern Asia: From continental assembly to intracontinental deformation. Geological Society of America Memoir 194, p. 413–433.

Johnson, C.L. (2002). Sedimentary record of late Mesozoic extension, southeast Mongolia — Implications for the petroleum potential and tectonic evolution of the China-Mongolia border region. PhD. Thesis, Stanford University.

Johnson, C.L., Greene, T.J., Zinniker, D.A., Moldowan, J.M., Hendrix, M.S., and Carroll, A.R. (2003). Geochemical characteristics and correlation of oil and nonmarine source rocks from Mongolia: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 87, no. 5, p. 817–846.

Johnson, C.L. (2004). Mesozoic-Cenozoic evolution of the East Gobi basin — Integration of outcrop and subsurface data. Basin Research, v. 16, no. 1, p. 79–100.

Lamb, M.A., and Badarch, G. (1997) Paleozoic sedimentary basins and volcanic-arc systems of southern Mongolia — New stratigraphic and sedimentologic constraints: International Geology Review, v. 39, p. 542–576.

Li, C., Li., S., Wang, Y., Ren, J., and Zhang., Y. (1997,). Depositional systems, sequence stratigraphy and basin filling evolution of Erlian fault lacustrine basin, Northeast China. InLiu Baojun and Li Sitian, (Eds.), Proceedings of the 30th International Geological Congress, 8, 163–175.

Lin, C., Eriksson, K., Li, S., Wan, Y., Ren, J., and Zhang, Y., (2001). Sequence architecture, depositional systems, and controls on development of lacustrine basin fills in part of the Erlian basin, northeast China: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 85, no. 11, p. 2017–2043.

Marsaglia, K.M., and Ingersoll, R.V. (1992). Compositional trends in arcrelated, deep-marine sand and sandstone — A reassessment of magmatic- arc provenance. Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 104, p. 1637–1649.

Miall, A.D., 1984, Principles of sedimentary basin analysis: New York: Springer-Verlag.

Shuvalov, V.F., (2000). The Cretaceous stratigraphy and paleobiogeography of Mongolia, In Benton, M.J., Shishkin, M.A., Unwin, D.M., and Kurochkin, E.N., (Eds.), The age of dinosaurs in Russia and Mongolia: Bristol, United Kingdom: University of Bristol.

Sjostrom, D.J., Hendrix, M.S., Badamgarav, D., Graham, S.A., and Nelson, B.K. (2001). Sedimentology and provenance of Mesozoic nonmarine strata in western Mongolia: A record of intracontinental deformation. In Hendrix, M.S., and Davis, G.A., (Eds.), Paleozoic and Mesozoic tectonic evolution of central and eastern Asia: From continental assembly to intracontinental deformation. Geological Society of America Memoir 194.

Skinner, B.J. and Porter, S.C., 1995, The dynamic earth — an introduction to physical geology (3d ed.): New York, John Wiley & Sons, Inc..

Sladen, C. and Traynor, J. J. (2000). Lakes during the evolution of Mongolia, in Gierlowski-Kordesch, E. H., and Kelts, K. R., eds., Lake basins through space and time: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Studies in Geology, v. 46, p. 35–57.

Sengör, A.M.C., Natal’in, B.A., and Burtman, V.S. (1993,). Evolution of the Altaid tectonic collage and Palaeozoic crustal growth in Eurasia: Nature, v. 364, no. 6435, p. 299–307.

Sengör, A.M.C. (1995) Sedimentation and tectonics of fossil rifts. In Busby, C., and Ingersoll, R.V., (Eds.), Tectonics of sedimentary basins. Cambridge, Mass., Blackwell Science, p. 53–118

Traynor, J.J., and Sladen, C. (1995). Tectonic and stratigraphic evolution of the Mongolian People’s Republic and its influence on hydrocarbon geology and potential: Marine and Petroleum Geology, v. 12, no. 1, p. 35–52.

Watson, M.P., Hayward, A.B., Parkinson, D.N., and Zhang, Zh.M. (1987). Plate tectonic history, basin development and petroleum source rock deposition onshore China: Marine and Petroleum Geology, v. 4, p. 205–225.

Zuffa, G.G. (1985). Optical analyses of arenites: Influence of methodology on compositional results. In Zuffa, G.G., (Ed.), Provenance of Arenites, NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences, v. 148, p. 165–189.
Published
2005-11-15
How to Cite
Davidson, S. (2005). Sedimentation History and Provenance Analysis of a Late Mesozoic Rifting Event at Tavan Har, East Gobi, Mongolia. Frontiers: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad, 12(1), 91-122. https://doi.org/10.36366/frontiers.v12i1.183