Nipe Nikupe: Dependency, Reciprocity, and Paradoxes of Food Aid in Lugufu
Refugee Camp Kigoma, Tanzania

  • Brian Hoyer
Keywords: Undergraduate research, Education abroad, Undergraduate research abroad, Tanzania


This article presents an undergraduate student research project on dependency, reciprocity, and paradoxes of food aid in Lugufu Refugee Camp conducted on a study abroad program in Kigoma, Tanzania.


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Author Biography

Brian Hoyer

Brian Hoyer graduated with Honors from Middlebury College in February 2004, with a degree in International Studies (African Studies, Anthropology and the language of Kiswahili). In 2002, Brian participated in the School for International Training’s Development Studies Program at Makerere University in Kampala, Uganda. He created and was director of the Middlebury Refugee Camp Simulation. In his final year at Middlebury, he served as an Undergraduate Research Associate at the Rohatyn Center for International Affairs. Brian has worked extensively with refugee camps and resettlement agencies: near his hometown of Denver, Colorado, in Uganda and Tanzania. Brian currently is an International Associate and Associate of Emergency Response at an international humanitarian relief agency based in New York, where he has managed a medical assistance program to Northern Uganda, and coordinated medical aid to Southeast Asia after the Tsunami and, most recently, to the Gulf Coast after Hurricane Katrina.


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How to Cite
Hoyer, B. (2005). Nipe Nikupe: Dependency, Reciprocity, and Paradoxes of Food Aid in Lugufu
Refugee Camp Kigoma, Tanzania. Frontiers: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad, 12(1), 31-54.

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